This assignment was completed in full from my personal desktop, with a virtual machine running Ubuntu 18.04.1 x64, and a Dell Vostro 5568 laptop running windows 10 pro – 10.0.17763 x64
Installing Salt-minion on a Windows machine (11:40 – 27.11)
In order to make my Windows laptop a salt minion, i need to install salt-minion services on it.
The guide says its important for master to have the same or never version of salt as the minion, so i first checked what version my salt-master currenty is:
$ salt-master --version salt-master 2017.7.4 (Nitrogen)
This is not the newest version, so i issued commands from the guide to update salt-master:
$ wget https://repo.saltstack.com/apt/ubuntu/16.04/amd64/latest/SALTSTACK-GPG-KEY.pub $ sudo apt-key add SALTSTACK-GPG-KEY.pub $ sudo apt-get update $ sudo systemctl restart salt-minion
I then checked the version again:
$ salt-master --version salt-master 2018.3.3 (Oxygen)
Salt-master was succesfully updated to the newest version.
We also need the master’s IP-address
$ hostname -I 18.104.22.168
We now have everything we need to control Windows with salt.
I downloaded the latest salt-minion.exe file from the official salt website
I then accepted the new key:
$ sudo salt-key -A The following keys are going to be accepted: Unaccepted Keys: WinMinion Proceed? [n/Y] Y Key for minion WinMinion accepted. $ sudo salt "WinMinion" test.ping WinMinion: True
We now have control over our Windows-machine with salt!
Enable salt windows sofware repositories (12:21)
According to the guide, “this is a one-time configuration so that packages are easy to install”
$ sudo salt-run winrepo.update_git_repos https://github.com/saltstack/salt-winrepo-ng.git: /srv/salt/win/repo-ng/salt-winrepo-ng https://github.com/saltstack/salt-winrepo.git: /srv/salt/win/repo/salt-winrepo $ /srv/salt$ sudo salt -G 'os:windows' pkg.refresh_db WinMinion: ---------- failed: 0 success: 260 total: 260
I now have a bunch of .sls files in /srv/salt/win/repo/salt-winrepo that can be used to install programs on windows.
$ cat ccleaner.sls ccleaner: '5.34': full_name: 'CCleaner' installer: 'http://download.piriform.com/ccsetup534.exe' install_flags: '/S' uninstaller: '%ProgramFiles%\CCleaner\uninst.exe' uninstall_flags: '/S' msiexec: False locale: en_US reboot: False
Lets try installing something:
$ sudo salt "WinMinion" pkg.install vlc WinMinion: Minion did not return. [No response]
For some reason minion did not respond. I then noticed i skipped a part in the guide, that says i need to give “salt”-group write premissions to /src/salt/win I did so, and when issuing the above command again, i got the same response, but vlc WAS actually installed on my minion. Weird
I then decided to remove all of the newly created files and directories, and take it from the top, this time giving premissions before running the commands:
$ sudo rm -r win $ sudo mkdir /srv/salt/win $ sudo chown root.salt /srv/salt/win $ sudo chmod ug+rwx /srv/salt/win/ $ sudo salt-run winrepo.update_git_repos https://github.com/saltstack/salt-winrepo-ng.git: /srv/salt/win/repo-ng/salt-winrepo-ng https://github.com/saltstack/salt-winrepo.git: /srv/salt/win/repo/salt-winrepo $ sudo salt -G 'os:windows' pkg.refresh_db WinMinion: Minion did not return. [No response]
The .sls files were created, but the update command fails due to minion not responding. (Altough test.ping returns True) I then tested out a couple of other programs, like Chrome and Git, both of which returned the “Minion did not respond” message.
I went for a quick smoke, and when i came back i noticed that both chrome and git had been installed on my Windows-minion.
I then tried
Sudo salt-run managed.up and
managed.status, both reported my WinMinion should be up and runnign. So technically my minion DOES WORK, the master just keeps telling minion did not respond.
Not really understanding what was wrong, i deleted the “WinMinion” minion-key, re-installed salt-minion on my windows machine, and accepted the new key called “Winion”.
$ sudo salt-key -A The following keys are going to be accepted: Unaccepted Keys: Winion Proceed? [n/Y] Y Key for minion Winion accepted. $ sudo salt "Winion" test.ping Winion: True $ sudo salt "Winion" pkg.install vlc Winion: Minion did not return. [No response]
Once again, same thing happened. Vlc was installed on my minion but salt-master tells there were no response. Also, the managed.up and managed.running both now return the “no response” message.
Feeling defeated, i tried installing something for one last time:
$ sudo salt "Winion" pkg.install winscp Winion: ---------- winscp: ---------- new: 5.13.4 old:
I dont understand why, or how, but it worked. However when i then tried installing vlc, the same old “no response” message appeared again.
Figuring it out! (15:29)
Reading the troubleshooting documentation revealed that sometimes when the salt job is taking too long, you might get kicked back to shell, but the salt job is still running. Active jobs can be queried with
salt-run jobs.list_jobs. Here are the results:
$ sudo salt "Winion" pkg.install vlc $ sudo salt-run jobs.list_jobs 20181127132826985566: ---------- Arguments: - 20181127132821922844 Function: saltutil.find_job StartTime: 2018, Nov 27 13:28:26.985566 Target: - Winion Target-type: list User: sudo_pete
To see if i am simply getting booted back to shell due to timeout, while salt is actually still running the job in the background, i used the -t flag to bump the timeout up by 60 seconds.
$ sudo salt -t 60 "Winion" pkg.install winscp Winion: ---------- winscp: ---------- new: 5.13.4 old:
As you can see, it works perfectly. If only i had started reading the documentation sooner.
Manage windows without master. (salt-call –local)
Keeping with the guide, i next moved to my Windows desktop and fired up powershell.
Powershell apparently supports the same
ls commands as bash, so using it was actually pretty comfortable. (After increasing the font size from 0.1 pixels to something actually readable.)
cd C:/salt ./salt-call --local test.ping local: True
Installing git, and then cloning one of my github repos:
salt-call --local pkg.install git git clone https://github.com/Pheebzer/reports.git Cloning into 'reports'... remote: Enumerating objects: 3, done. remote: Counting objects: 100% (3/3), done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (3/3), done. Receiving objects: 60% (96/160) 1 (delta 0), pack-reused 157 Receiving objects: 100% (160/160), 33.83 KiB | 1.35 MiB/s, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (85/85), done.
Change settings in a windows program using salt (11:56 – 28.11)
I created a state that installs steam and chrome, and then modifies some .ini files to make steam chat’s font size bigger.
There are 2 different states, first installs steam and chrome, and the second creates a new directory with my .style file in it.
I use file.recurse because steam does not actually have that file or directory after being installed by salt, so file.managed wont work.
Install steam and chrome:
Winion: pkg.installed: - pkgs: - chrome - steam $ sudo salt -t 180 "Winion" state.apply steam_and_chrome Winion: ---------- ID: Winion Function: pkg.installed Result: True Comment: The following packages were installed/updated: steam, chrome Started: 02:53:08.444837 Duration: 90908.545 ms Changes: ---------- chrome: ---------- new: 67.116.32878 old: steam: ---------- new: 22.214.171.124 old: Summary for Winion ------------ Succeeded: 1 (changed=1) Failed: 0 ------------ Total states run: 1 Total run time: 90.909 s
Replace steam.styles with my own version:
c:\Program Files (x86)\Steam\resource: file.recurse: - source: salt://steam_styles/resource - include_empty: True $ sudo salt -t 120 "Winion" state.apply steam_styles Winion: ---------- ID: c:\Program Files (x86)\Steam\resource Function: file.recurse Result: True Comment: Recursively updated c:\program files (x86)\steam\resource Started: 03:02:31.074852 Duration: 962.112 ms Changes: ---------- c:\program files (x86)\steam\resource\.: ---------- owner: SYSTEM c:\program files (x86)\steam\resource\steam.styles: ---------- diff: New file Summary for Winion ------------ Succeeded: 1 (changed=1) Failed: 0 ------------ Total states run: 1 Total run time: 962.112 ms